The revolt was only put down by Italian troops under Don John of Austriaand even then the Moriscos retreated to the highlands and were not defeated until Leicester also collided with many Dutch patricians when he tried to strengthen his own power at the cost of the Provincial States. With examples taken from historical documents and the current scholarly discussion, this contribution interprets the Dutch 17th century in terms of a history of European interconnections and self-perceptions.
The death of Charles the Bold and the marriage of his daughter Mary to the archduke Maximilian of Austria proved fatal to the independence of the Low Countries by bringing them increasingly under the sway of the Habsburg dynasty.
French administration Under French rule there was no autonomy as there had been under the Spanish and Austrian regimes. He died inthe same year that the war was resumed.
The destruction of the United Provinces of the Netherlands was necessary. In the celebrations that followed the treaty, Henry was killed by a stray splinter from a lance. The States Generalconsisting of delegates from all the provincial estates, had enjoyed great influence before and during the revolt against Spain.
Charles was manipulated by various political factions throughout his life. But as precious metal shipments rapidly expanded late in the century it contributed to the general inflation that was affecting the whole of Europe.
Count Godfreyfor example, acquired the county of Longwy, thanks to his marriage with Ermesinde of Luxembourg. Charles retired to the monastery of Yuste ExtremaduraSpainwhere he is thought to have had a nervous breakdownand died in Namur became part of the French department of Sambre-et-Meuse.
The most prosperous region of Spain was Catalonia, where peasants had more rights than the rest of Spain. From a position of strength, the Emperor approached the war-weary German states with a peace in ; many accepted, including the two most powerful, Brandenburg and Saxony.
Already in William I of Orange had asked for Ottoman support. After their common victory, conservatives and progressives came into conflict. Plague, famine, floods, drought, and renewed war with France wasted the country. By the middle of the 17th century, these taxes had become real customs tariffs.
This meant that taxes, infrastructure improvement, and internal trade policy were defined independently by each region, leading to many internal customs barriers and tolls, and conflicting policies even within the Habsburg domains.
But for 30 years after Cateau-Cambresis, it was engulfed in civil wars. This demand was theoretically supported by the Monarchomach doctrine of the right to resist tyranny.
The Dutch, led by Maurice of Nassauthe son of William the Silent had succeeded in taking a number of border cities sinceincluding the fortress of Breda. Shortly thereafter Joanna began to lapse into insanity, though how mentally ill she actually was has been the topic of some debate.
The Fall of Antwerp[ edit ] The joyous entry of the Duke of Anjou into Antwerp, February 19,a year before his attempt to take the city by force.After the county of Namur was bought by Philip the Good, he integrated it into a large territorial and political union, called the Burgundian Netherlands.
From the 15th century on, the Southern Netherlands (and with it the county of Languages: Walloon, French. This artist was the artist of Philip IV's court in the 17th century. He is known for his realistic portraits of the royal family in Spain's Golden Age.
Habsburg Spain refers to the history of Spain over the 16th and 17th centuries (–), when Spain was ruled by the major branch of the Habsburg dynasty (also associated with its role in the history of Central Europe). Philip II Habsburg and the Dutch Revolution in the 17th Century PAGES 4.
WORDS 2, View Full Essay. More essays like this: 17th century, philip second habsburg, the dutch revolution. Not sure what I'd do without @Kibin - Alfredo Alvarez, student @ Miami University. 17th century, philip second habsburg, the dutch revolution.
Not sure. In Philip II granted the sovereignty of the Netherlands to his daughter Isabella Clara Eugenia and her husband, Archduke Albert VII of Austria. The United Provinces of the north, also known as the Dutch Republic, were never recovered, and in Albert was even forced to join them in a year truce.
Inclose to his death, when the reign passed to his son, Philip II of Spain, the situation became a political turmoil. Spain was in that moment a very large power with lands all around the globe, but it was still a regresive society.Download