The last scene of the play swells with details of civil horror: Many hundreds of English, including close friends and retainers of John of Gaunt, died of disease or exhaustion. As this might be true of the queen in this scene, it is also true to a certain extent of Richard in a later scene.
His first two lines, calling Northumberland a mere "ladder" that Bolingbroke used to climb to the throne, opens an attack upon Northumberland and expresses a warning to him and those like him: The vehemence with which York denounces his son seems odd, as if Shakespeare wanted to discredit an over-zealous patriotism.
The farewell is poignant, the tone much like that when Gaunt parted for the last time from Bolingbroke. Gaunt exits the stage, and York urges the king to take the rant as only the ravings of a very sick and old man who still loves the king. Marching in winter across the Limousin plateau, with stragglers being picked off by the French, huge numbers of the army, and even larger numbers of horses, died of cold, disease or starvation.
Works Cited DefoeDaniel. Richard recapitulates his experiences succinctly: Head of government[ edit ] On his return from France inJohn took a more decisive and persistent role in the direction of English foreign policy. Henry Percy enters then and tells them that the "grand conspirator," the Abbot of Westminster, "hath yielded up his body to the grave," and that Carlisle is being brought as a captive before them.
His thoughts, he says, could fill this little world in place of people. The first, called to grant massive war taxation to the Crown, turned into a parliamentary revolution, with the Commons supported to some extent by the Lords venting their grievances at decades of crippling taxation, misgovernment, and suspected endemic corruption among the ruling classes.
For one thing, as Richard predicted, he will never be fully secure for the rest of his days. Her lines are those of a distracted mother: And, to make matters worse, as is brought out in the first part of the scene, the king has an unregenerate son, Prince Hal, who whiles away his time with Jack Falstaff particularly in the Henry IV plays of the tetralogy.
Many deserted or abandoned the army to ride north under French safe-conducts. Duke of Aquitaine[ edit ] John left Portugal for Aquitaine, and he remained in that province until he returned to England in November When Bolingbroke, in mid-sentence, decides to use his new title of Lancaster, we get the feeling that the popular support might have had some effect on this leader of men.
He "dares not say" what they can do to set things right in England. Scene 5 is the most contemplative in the play, and its "philosophy" speaks of a different kind of concern to Shakespeare in this part of the play from what has gone before.
One final note on Scene 2 should be made concerning the description of Richard, again the performer. This statement contains a dual meaning.
Live in thy shame, but die not shame with thee! The Savoy Palace was systematically destroyed by the mob and burned to the ground.
The Duke of York, unattended, enters next and is greeted formally and respectfully by Bolingbroke, who kneels to him. After York leaves, his wife pleads with Aumerle to get to the king before York does.
The king then exits as well. Gaunt replies that, if that is the case, he must prophecy with his last breath that Richard is headed for doom: Who is correct in his loyalty?Summary and Analysis Act V Bookmark this page Manage My Reading List.
Summary. The last act opens with Richard on his way to the Tower. John of Gaunt The Duke of York and Aumerle William Shakespeare Biography Critical Essay Sixteenth-Century Political Theory Study Help.
Scene 1 takes place at Ely House in London, where Gaunt lies ill. His first speech forms a sort of "bridge" between the end of the last scene and this act. Speaking to his brother, the Duke of York, Gaunt asks, "Will the king come that I may breathe my last / In wholesome counsel to his unstaid.
Character Analysis The Duchess of Gloucester is the widow of Thomas of Woodstock, the Duke of Gloucester. The first and only time we see her on stage, the Duchess tries to convince her brother-in-law, John of Gaunt, to avenge her husband's death ().
Act I, scene ii Summary While the court is waiting for Bolingbroke and Mowbray to settle their mutual accusations of treason in the lists (that is, the place in which knights duel on horseback), John of Gaunt, Bolingbroke's father, has a visit from his sister-in-law, the old Duchess of Gloucester.
Everything you ever wanted to know about John of Gaunt, Duke of Lancaster in Richard II, written by masters of this stuff just for you. Richard II / Characters / John of Gaunt, Duke of Lancaster ; Character Analysis.
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Sign In Sign Up. Lit. Guides. Lit. Act 2 begins with John of Gaunt.Download